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"Science and science fiction, how do you even distinguish the two?"
- Jerry Pournelle

Farside  
  The portion of the Moon's surface that faces away from Earth.  

This appears to be the earliest use in science fiction of this handy term.

The Authority booked first-class passages for all expeditionary personnel, which in the case of a hop up to the Moon meant a direct ferry traveling at one gee all the way. Standing by the observation window, an untasted drink in his hand, David Ryerson remarked: "You know, this is only the third time I’ve been off Earth. And the other two, we trans-shipped at Satellite and went free-fall most of the way.”

"Sounds like fun,” said Maclaren. "I must try it sometime.”

"You . . .in your line of work . . . you must go to the Moon quite often,” said Ryerson shyly.

Maclaren nodded. "Mount Ambarzumian Observatory, on Farside. Still a little dust and gas to bother us, of course, but I'll let the purists go out to Pluto Satellite and bring me back their plates.”

Technovelgy from We Have Fed Our Sea, by Poul Anderson.
Published by Astounding in 1958
Additional resources -

Arthur C. Clarke picked up on this expression quickly; this quote is from A Fall of Moondust (1961):

"It won't take me long to describe the MOONCRASH organization," said Pat. "And, frankly, it wasn't planned to deal with a situation like this. When a ship's down on the Moon, it can be spotted very quickly from one of the satellites—either Lagrange II, above Earthside, or Lagrange I, over Farside. But I doubt if they can help us now; as I said, we've probably gone down without a trace."

The first person to use the word "farside" for the far side of the moon was the English astronomer Richard Proctor in his book "The Moon" published in 1873. Proctor wrote:

"The side of the moon which is turned towards the earth is called the near side; the other side, which is never seen from the earth, is called the far side."

Compare to the ungainly (but descriptive) spaceward lunar hemisphere from Dawn of the Demigods, by Raymond Z. Gallun, published by Planet Stories in 1954 and dirtside from Starman Jones (1953) by Robert Heinlein.

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Additional resources:
  More Ideas and Technology from We Have Fed Our Sea
  More Ideas and Technology by Poul Anderson
  Tech news articles related to We Have Fed Our Sea
  Tech news articles related to works by Poul Anderson

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