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"Human beings hardly ever learn from the experience of others. They learn; when they do, which isn't often, on their own, the hard way."
- Robert Heinlein

Robotess  
  A female robot.  

As far as I know, this is the first use of this uncommon word, a female robot.

Alquist. (Awakes) "Laughter? Laughter, human beings." (Getting up) "Who has returned? Who are you?"

Primus. "The Robot Primus."

Alquist. (To Helena) "What? A Robot? Who are you?"

Helena. "The Robotess Helena." (Shies away L.)

Alquist. "What? You are timid, shy? (Starts to touch her) Let me see you, Robotess."

Primus. Sir, do not frighten her. (Steps forward.)

From R.U.R., by Karel Capek.
Published by Not Available in 1920
Additional resources -

Today, many writers use gynoid to describe a feminine gendered robot; see the entry for gynoid from Divine Endurance (1984) by Gwyneth Jones.

Fans of early cinema might also remember the female robot from Fritz Lang's 1927 classic Metropolis.


(Female robot from Fritz Lang's Metropolis)

The term fembot is also used; this term first appeared in 1976 in The Bionic Woman, an American television series.

Compare to the manufactured wife from A Wife Manufactured to Order (1895) by Alice W. Fuller, the psychophonic nurse from The Psychophonic Nurse (1928) by David H. Keller, the teleoperated robot surrogate from The Robot and the Lady (1938) by Manly Wade Wellman, the mechanical bride from The Mechanical Bride (1954) by Fritz Leiber, the maid-robot from The Midas Plague (1954) by Frederik Pohl and the Nanny from Nanny (1955) by Philip K. Dick.

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Additional resources:
  More Ideas and Technology from R.U.R.
  More Ideas and Technology by Karel Capek
  Tech news articles related to R.U.R.
  Tech news articles related to works by Karel Capek

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