Face2Face Is Bradbury's Spot-Wavex Scrambler

Face2Face is a method for real-time facial reenactment of a monocular target video sequence (e.g., Youtube video). Put more simply, this technology can take a primary source (like George Bush speaking) and then seamlessly superimpose the mouth and facial movements of another actor in real time. Take a look.


(Face2Face video editing)

We present a novel approach for real-time facial reenactment of a monocular target video sequence (e.g., Youtube video). The source sequence is also a monocular video stream, captured live with a commodity webcam. Our goal is to animate the facial expressions of the target video by a source actor and re-render the manipulated output video in a photo-realistic fashion. To this end, we first address the under-constrained problem of facial identity recovery from monocular video by non-rigid model-based bundling. At run time, we track facial expressions of both source and target video using a dense photometric consistency measure. Reenactment is then achieved by fast and efficient deformation transfer between source and target. The mouth interior that best matches the re-targeted expression is retrieved from the target sequence and warped to produce an accurate fit. Finally, we convincingly re-render the synthesized target face on top of the corresponding video stream such that it seamlessly blends with the real-world illumination. We demonstrate our method in a live setup, where Youtube videos are reenacted in real time.

Fans of Ray Bradbury's 1953 novel Fahrenheit 451 recall the spot-wavex scrambler, which allowed home viewers to participate in the dramas unfolding on their TV parlors (an early prediction of big screen TVs).

Montag turned and looked at his wife, who sat in the middle of the parlor talking to an announcer, who in turn was talking to her. "Mrs. Montag," he was saying this, that, and the other. "Mrs. Montag-" Something else and still another. The converter attachment, which had cost them one hundred dollars, automatically supplied her name whenever the announcer addressed his anonymous audience, leaving a blank where the proper syllables could be filled in. A special spot-wavex scrambler also caused his televised image, in the area immediately about his lips, to mouth the vowels and consonants beautifully. He was a friend, no doubt of it, a good friend.
(Read more about Bradbury's spot-wavex scrambler)

Via Face2Face: Real-time Face Capture and Reenactment of RGB Videos.

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