Organovo is a regenerative medicine company that seeks to apply organ printing technology to medical research and tissue repair.
To achieve the goal of fully biological tissue constructs that fully match native structure, Organovo uses a breakthrough organ printing technology. By marrying a knowledge of biophysics and cell biology with the precision of computer aided design and high precision deposition, [they] can recreate the microarchitecture of even the most complex human tissue. By precisely placing cells with an organ printer, and providing them with the proper natural developmental cues, the cells do exactly what they do in nature: they self assemble into fully formed, functional tissue.
(Organovo Organ Printing video)
The "ink" in the bioprinting process employed by Organovo is composed of spheres packed with tens of thousands of human cells. These spheres are assembled or "printed" on sheets of organic biopaper. By precisely placing the cells with the bioprinter, and providing them with the proper natural developmental cues, they do exactly what they do in nature: they self assemble into fully formed, functional tissue