Arthur C. Clarke:
Science Fiction Technology and Ideas
Arthur C. Clarke was born in Somerset, England in 1917 and died in his second home of Sri Lanka in 2008, where he moved in 1956. Best known for 2001: A Space Odyssey and Childhood's End. He has also been honored by scientists; he developed the idea of the geosynchonous satellite.
Invention/Technology Source Work (Publication Date)

Finely Divided Dust Propellant
Reaction mass to drive spacecraft.

Earthlight (1955)

Special wheels designed for getting around on the Moon.

2001: A Space Odyssey (1968)

Geosynchronous Satellite - invention of idea
A communications satellite that appears to "hover" over one spot on the earth's surface; it goes around the earth in twenty-four hours.

V2 for Ionospheric Research (1945)

Grip Shoes - velcro space gear
Shoes with velcro soles used to walk in weightless environments.

2001: A Space Odyssey (1968)

HAL 9000 - prototypical AI
The canonical example of an artificially intelligent computer.

2001: A Space Odyssey (1968)

Hibernaculum - nap time
A small, self-contained chamber in which a person could endure months of enforced sleep.

2001: A Space Odyssey (1968)

A small display like an iPad that shows 3D images.

The Fountains of Paradise (1978)

A very high tensile strength material structured as a long thin line or ribbon.

The Fountains of Paradise (1978)

Icon Thumbsized Image - first reference?
A very early reference to a screen icon.

2001: A Space Odyssey (1968)

Igloo Inflatable Moon Habitat - inflate and use
An inflatable, portable lunar shelter that can be easily moved and set up.

A Fall of Moondust (1961)

Keyboard With Changing Keys
A computer keyboard with keys faced with little displays, so the label could change based on the application or language.

Imperial Earth (1976)

Leak Disk
Simple device to temporarily close a leak in a spacecraft.

Islands in the Sky (1952)

Light-Absorbing Paint
Space stealth!

Earthlight (1955)

Lunar Advertisement
An 'ad' on the lunar surface that can be seen by its audience on Earth.

Watch This Space (1957)

Lunar Monorail
A monorail constructed above the surface of the Moon.

Earthlight (1955)

Matter Organizer
A device that could cause a computer-generated image to be constructed as a real object.

The City and the Stars (1956)

A device like a personal digital assistant (PDA) today.

Imperial Earth (1976)

Mobile Lab

2001: A Space Odyssey (1968)

Molecular Sieve
A device that can extract any element from seawater.

Tales from the White Hart (1957)

A single compartment monorail car.

Earthlight (1955)

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